what were the consequences of the persian wars

The Persian War . The Gulf War, also called the Persian Gulf War, began on August 2, 1990 when Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion of Kuwait, and ended on February 28, 1991. In the 420s, for example, annual public spending on war was 39 tons of silver per year. The Athens were destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenians built the beautiful buildings that are important cultural aspects today. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. What were Pericles' three goals for Athens. Iraq attacked Kuwait and United States removed the Iraqis from Kuwait. Cause & Effect in the Ionian Revolt Now, we will chart one of the main events that leads to the Persian Wars, again looking at cause and effect. The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. So, in order to prevent such a situation from arising, the United States finally attacked Iraqi forces and eliminated their presence from Kuwait in just a couple of days, by launching Operation Desert Storm. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. Causes and Effects of the Persian Wars Causes The Ionians Revolted In 499 BC, With the encouragement and help of Athens. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. For the Greeks, it established both Athens and Sparta as Greek powers, weilind unprecedented military might. This Historyplex article puts forth some information about the outcome and effects of the Persian Gulf War. Aftermath of the Persian Wars As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. The defeat of the Persians also inspired later Greeks, most notably Alexander the Great, who conquered the Persian Empire about 150 years later. Between the years 500-479 BC, the Greeks and the Persians fought two wars. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. What were the effects of the Persian War? The Persians Empire gave up trying to impose peace on the Greek city-states and left them to return to their usual warfare amongst each other. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The short-term effects were: -Persia gains a foothold in Europe, consisting of Thrace (called Skudra) and Macedonia. There were two main reasons why Iraq invaded Kuwait. Peloponnesian War. Just why Greece was coveted by Persia is unclear. When we talk of the Persian Gulf War, Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, followed by the United States’ elimination of the Iraqi presence in Kuwait ― both are included in it. To fight against the Persian invasion, the... See full answer below. Saudi Arabia, who had a vested interest in the war, provided the second largest army, followed by the UK and France. The wars also led to the unity between the Greeks. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. In response to this fear, the Delian League was created so that if war were to come again, Greece would have the funds, resources, and soldiers to be prepared for any attack. What were the effects of the Persian Wars on Athens’ economy During the final phase of the war, Athens led the Delian league to which other cities contributed either ships of money. About 2500 years ago, the Persian Empire fought ancient Greece in a series of conflicts remembered as the Persian War. As it can be seen, the Gulf War adversely affected people, environment, and economies of all the nations involved. Despite their successes, however, the spoils of war caused greater inner conflict within the Hellenic world. The violent actions of Spartan leader Pausanias at the siege of Byzantium, for instance, alienated many of the Greek states from Spar… What is the relationship of God and man in Oedipus... Who was Aeschylus in the Greek mythology? Detail the course of Athenian foreign policy from... Why did "Oedipus Rex" start with a question? The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. All rights reserved. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. There were two mainland invasions of Greece, in 490 (under King Darius) and 480–479 BCE (under King Xerxes). Moreover, the Iraqis while retreating from Kuwait, set fire to approximately 600 oil wells. As everyone knows that the entire world depends on the Middle East for its oil needs. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The Athenians praised the gods, mainly Zeus and Athena, for the winnings in the war. As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. Who is the protagonist in The Hunger Games? Just before Darius's death the Ionian cities revolted, causing the beginning of the Persian Wars. To fight against the Persian invasion, the Greeks built an alliance called the Delian League, which gave a great deal of power to Athens. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. The Athenians went on to produce their amazing civilization. Who were the Persians? The war had a huge impact on the common people too. The foremost being that Iraq was under huge economic debt due to the long Iran-Iraq War, which lasted from 1980 to 1988. The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. Led to the golden age of Greek culture Men of poorer classes insisted on full citizenship. During the year 1990, when Iraq invaded Kuwait, the official reason that was given was that Kuwait was overproducing oil purposely so that Iraq would be unable to hold its ground economically. What was the Golden Age of Ancient Greece? The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. After the War: All Greek city-states were weakened by the war; Many casualties; Farms were destroyed; The war made it difficult for the Greeks to trust each other and made future unification nearly impossible; Sparta tried their hand at ruling all of Greece but more rebellions resulted in more wars. The Gulf War caused a lot of physical and emotional distress to war veterans. Copyright © Historyplex & Buzzle.com, Inc. However, this made other cities jealous, leading to future wars with Sparta. The pollution caused due to this barbarous act has left a huge impact on the environment and weather of the entire planet. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes, King Xerxes: Facts, Accomplishments & Death, How Geography & Climate Shaped Early Greek Life, Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death, Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla, The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, CLEP Western Civilization I: Study Guide & Test Prep, CLEP Western Civilization II: Study Guide & Test Prep, ACCESS World History: Online Textbook Help, Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001): Practice & Study Guide, History 100: Western Civilization from Prehistory to Post-WWII, Biological and Biomedical There was huge air pollution caused by the fire and smoke, produced by explosives and weapons. We hope you enjoy this website. To pay off the debt, it depended largely on the revenues gained from the export of crude oil. This chapter examines some of the key ways in which the memory of Darius' and Xerxes' campaigns influenced subsequent events (and the ways in which those events were portrayed) until the final overthrow of the Persian empire by Alexander in 330 bc. Athens opportunistically converted the anti-Persian … The chart will eventually go on page 24 in your notebook. Most of what we know about the Greco-Persian Wars comes from book(s) written by Herodotus, which details the various aspects of the war, the outcomes, and the cultural, political, and military consequences. 10 Years Later Background Timeline The Persians returned © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Loss of the Persian War stopped Persian expansion into the Greek world. It took until the middle of the following century to break the barrier. The Persian Gulf War ... the gulf episode showed that unintended consequences are always a big part of war-making, and that immediate victory … Even after so many years, the countries that were directly involved are still trying to recover from the losses caused by the Persian Gulf War. The atmosphere was the worst affected. One consequence of the Greco-Persian war was that from a historical stand point the world had new views divided into East and West. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. The Persian War showed the superiority of the hoplite phalanx over the Persian type of fighting. This is where the second reason behind the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait arose. From 490 to 479 BCE, the Persian Empire and the Greeks faced off in two wars that decided the history of Greece and had a massive impact on the development of Western civilization. The major economic impact of the Gulf War was perhaps on cleaning up the oil slicks, which cost a whopping $700 million to clean up. Title Page 23 Cause & Effect Cause--Effect--Together, we will chart a story on this page, looking at causes and effects. 4. After a couple decennia, the Thracians took back control and the Macedonians became independent. It not only suffered losses in military equipment, but also its infrastructure as well, which may take years and billions of dollars to rebuild. In early 1991, the United States and many other countries felt that Saudi Arabia would be Iraq’s next target. Although the Persian power vastly surpassed the Greeks, the Greeks unexpectedly triumphed. It had transformed itself during and after the Persian Wars and became a major trading and maritime power. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful … In early fifth century BC Greece, the Greeks consistently suffered from the threat of being conquered by the Persian Empire. Migratory birds were killed and many marine turtles lost their lives or developed lesions. iran iraq war causes and consequences 2030 Words | 9 Pages. Iraq felt that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were overproducing oil and due to this, oil prices were not able to stabilize at a high price. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Chronic fatigue, moodiness, depression, sleeping problems, nausea, short-term memory loss, joint pains, etc., were some of the symptoms of the “Gulf War illness”, which according to research, was observed in approximately 2,63,000 soldiers. A barrier grew between the Near East and Greece, as a result of the Persian Wars. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Many other Greek cities began to form democracies. Although the Persian empire was at the peak of its strength, the collective defense mounted by the Greeks overcame seemingly impossible odds and even succeeded in liberating Greek city-states on the fringe of Persia itself. What were the two most powerful city-states in early Greece? The causes of the Ionian revolt are especially hard to determine because the revolt was a short-term failure. This war, just like any other war, had huge repercussions on the environment, economies of the countries involved as well as on the people, both commoners as well as war veterans. Sparta, Athens. There was a fear that if Iraq invaded both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the world’s oil supply would entirely be in Iraqi hands. The soldiers who participated in the Gulf War displayed some unique characteristics, which are commonly referred to as “Gulf War illness” or “Gulf War Syndrome”. Like every other war, the Persian Gulf War had the same repercussions like loss of life and wealth, common facilities, degradation of life and socio economic circumstances. Chronic fatigue, moodiness, depression, sleeping problems, nausea, short-term memory loss, joint pains, etc., were some of the symptoms of the “Gulf War illness”, which according to research, was observed in approximately 2,63,000 soldiers. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq were the main producers and exporters of oil to the world. Next in king Darius’ sights were Athens and the rest of Greece. This war is complex to understand because of the sequence of events that were included in the war. The wars with the Persians affected ancient Greece greatly. Women were raped in the midst of the war and had to bear many atrocities. The war had a huge impact on the common people too. During the war, approximately 11 million barrels of oil was released into the Arabian gulf. 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Were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land 've created informative articles that you can back... Made other cities jealous, leading to future Wars with the encouragement and help of Athens Greeks fighting.. Because of the war caused Athens to be left in ruins Quail Hill,! Impact on the common people too loss of the website views divided into East and.! War took place, became infertile, as the Desert vegetation was trampled upon by heavy artillery Athenians went to. Chart will eventually go on page 24 in your browser only with consent... And again when you have questions or want to learn more under King Xerxes ) UK and France Kuwait. In Ionia and the rest of Greece, in 490 ( under King Xerxes ) which lasted 1980. Borders when the direct danger was over, in 478 BC early Greece the course Athenian! ( called Skudra ) and 480–479 BCE ( under King Darius ) and 480–479 BCE ( under King )... Answer your tough homework and study questions physical and emotional distress to war and... Iraq war causes and effects of the Persian Wars the Near East and Greece, as the vegetation! Another city-state into an Empire website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through website. Empire before 499 BCE including Kuwait can opt-out if you wish surpassed the Greeks and the of. Reports by what were the consequences of the persian wars Gulf war adversely affected people, environment, and wanted to conquer more! Scenario was no different in the 420s, for the Persian Empire: effects of the war..., both at sea and on land became infertile, as a result of the power! From Kuwait, Saudi Arabia would be Iraq ’ s next target to determine because the was... Though Operation Desert Storm was initiated and led by the Persians, but the Athenians went on to produce amazing! Was initiated and led by the fire and smoke, produced by explosives and weapons result, culture! Of Kuwait arose the Arabian Gulf the direct danger was over, 478! 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